Ecocentrism and Biocentrism

The primary distinction between ecocentric and biocentric thinking is that the former emphasizes the abiotic aspects of the environment while the latter emphasizes the biotic aspects.

Typically, the two ideologies that examine the environment are ecocentric and biocentric. They place a strong emphasis on the value of nature while downplaying the value of people.

What is Biocentrism?

Is Biocentrism Debunked? is the main question now. The biotic components of the environment are included in the environmental philosophy known as “biocentrism.” There are three different categories of biotic elements in an ecosystem: biotic resources, biotic factors, and biotic components. All of the living entities in the environment are generally considered biotic components. Animals, plants, and microorganisms are biotic components examples. There are two distinct biotic component kinds, depending on the metabolism. They are both heterotrophs and autotrophs. Autotrophs are typically producers, whereas heterotrophs use organic materials.

Also included in the definition of biotic resources are all living things. Since they come from rivers, wetlands, and oceans, biological resources are renewable. A few examples of biotic resources are food, tea, medicine, wood, wool, wine, dry fruits, and mineral fuels. Predators, parasites, competitors, symbionts, and prey are examples of living creatures that interact with other biotic variables in ecosystems.  

What is Ecocentrism?

The ecosphere is included in the environmental ideology known as ecocentricity. In general, it includes all ecosystems as well as the air, land, and water. Ecocentric thus refers to abiotic elements such as wetlands, rivers, oceans, woods, etc. Abiotic components, abiotic resources, and abiotic variables are generally three categories under which abiotic constituents in an ecosystem can be classified. Climate, soil, terrain, and natural disturbances are examples of the ecosystem’s abiotic components. In addition, the climate refers to the temperature, wind patterns, and rainfall, whereas the soil is the geological substance that makes up the ecosystem’s substratum.

Similarities Between Ecocentric and Biocentric

  • Two theories that explore the biotic and abiotic components of nature are ecocentric and biocentric.
  • Additionally, both downplay the significance of humans while emphasizing the preservation of nature.

Difference Between Ecocentric and Biocentric

In contrast to biocentric thinking, which holds that human rights and needs are not more important than those of other living things, ecocentric thinking refers to a philosophy or perspective that accords intrinsic value to all living things and their natural surroundings, regardless of how useful or significant they are to humans.


While biocentric thinking concentrates on living environmental elements, ecocentric thinking is more concerned with ecological issues.

Factors both biotic and abiotic

While biocentric talks about biotic elements, ecocentric talks about abiotic elements.


And whereas biocentric covers things like predators, prey, food, tea, medicine, animals, plants, fish, and insects, ecocentric includes things like climate, soil, natural disturbance, land, sunlight, and water.


Briefly stated, ecocentric and biocentric ideologies explore the various elements of nature. Typically, ecocentric problems are those that relate to the environment’s abiotic components and ecological issues. Ecocentric hence covers all living things on land, in water, including fish and insects. The biotic factors of the ecosystem are among the living, or “biocentric,” elements of the ecosystem. Animals, plants, fish, insects, and other biocentric entities are included. Therefore, the primary distinction between ecocentric and biocentric philosophy is the kind of element that each philosophy emphasizes.


By adarsh

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